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Identifying Dyslexia

 

Dyslexia is a learning disability in which students experience difficulties with language skills. These may include receptive, expressive, oral, or written language. Problems most evident in school-aged children include reading, spelling, and writing. Dyslexia is not due to low intelligence, a desire to learn, or behavior problems. There is strong evidence that dyslexia runs in families. People who are very bright can be dyslexic and can be gifted in other areas, such as art, computers, drama, mechanics, or sports.

Clues to dyslexia

Reading:

Difficulty with rhyming words or counting syllables in words

Difficulty remembering names and/or shapes of letters

Difficulty linking letters with sounds (the letter a with “a” sound)

Inability to sound out one-syllable words (/h/ /o/ /p/)

Misreading or omitting common words (unless for useless, when for then)

Reversing the order of letters when reading (clot for colt)

Adding or omitting parts of words when reading (steam for stream, long for log)

Better skills in understanding words in context than in reading single words

Oral reading that is filled with mispronunciations, substitutions, and omissions

Oral reading that is choppy and not smooth

Fear of reading aloud

Spelling and Writing:

Poor spelling, which includes omitting sounds or syllables in a word

Relying on the visual features of words rather than sound

l symbol relationships(lagfing for laughing, juis for juice)

Severe difficulty with reading and spelling a foreign language

Confusing vowel sounds, consonant blends, and consonant digraphs when spelling (dish for ditch, know for knew)

Letter reversals and transpositions in words (brid for bird, unber for under)

Doing well on weekly spelling tests but making many spelling mistakes in daily work

Slow and poor handwriting

Messy and unorganized papers

Evaluation and diagnosis:

Children or adults with dyslexia often have poor self-esteem because they do not have an understanding of their problems. An evaluation can provide a diagnosis and a plan for improving reading, spelling, and writing skills.

 


References

Guidelines for Identifying Children with Disabilities, State of TN Dept. of Education

Finding the Answers, The Intemational Dyslexia Association (www.interdys.org)

Overcoming Dyslexia, Sally Shaywitz, M.D.

 

 

Brentwood - 615-377-2929
Green Hills - 615-321-7272

 


Serving greater Nashville in 2 locations:
Brentwood - 615-377-2929
Green Hills - 615-321-7272

Serving greater Nashville in 2 locations:
Brentwood - 615-377-2929
Green Hills - 615-321-7272

Serving greater Nashville in 2 locations:
Brentwood - 615-377-2929
Green Hills - 615-321-7272

Learning Lab Brentwood
5500 Maryland Way, Suite 110
Brentwood, TN 37027

615-377-2929

Learning Lab Green Hills
2416 21st Avenue South, Suite 100
Nashville, TN 37212

615-321-7272


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